HOW MUCH DO POLISHED CONCRETE FLOORS COST? If you only need us to engage in diamond grinding and polishing of existing or newly laid floors; you can expect to pay between £40 - £80 per square metre (m2)
Costs depend on whether the concrete is new or existing, on what scale you're thinking as larger surface areas can be relatively cheaper, how complex your final finishes will be, and much more. Prices can vary from £20/€25 to £150/€180 per square metre but I've known people who have spent £400/€480 per sqm So polished concrete floors price per square meter may sound like a good thing, but is that really the case? There are many different types of flooring that may have a lower price per square meter, such as linoleum, carpet, and tile. Why? Polished Concrete Floors. It is quite simple Polished concrete, in general, can range anywhere from $4.00 per square foot to $7.00 per square foot. Glossy Floors, before giving an estimate, takes the time to examine the floor very carefully First things first, a polished concrete floor costs anywhere between £60 to £400 a sq metre. The difference depends largely on whether it can be levelled by machine or, if the space is too tight, if it must be done by hand
. Wrap up. In a nutshell, you could end up spending more than $100 per metre. At Megasaw, quality concrete grinding is the name of the game Floor Sanding and Polishing Prices depend on the 4 factors. Condition of Timber Floor Surface Type of Floor Type of Floor Finish Size of Floor Area Cost per Square Meter for Floor Sanding and Polishing Floor Sanding and Polishing with Solvent Based Polyurethane: $25-$35 per sqm depending on conditions. Floor Sanding and Polishing with Water [ Polished concrete flooring experts take a lot of things into consideration whenever they compute for the final price of jobs. These include the following: Size. One of the main things that determine the price is the size of the concrete floor. It is usually measured per square meter or sometimes by square foot As a general rule, epoxy flooring costs around $30-$35 per square metre for two coats over a prepared concrete surface. The price can go up to $80-$100 per square metre when you pay for diamond grinding to prepare the concrete followed by a decorative finish
The average cost per square metre of polished concrete varies between $50 to $80. But this does not include a host of factors that can contribute to the total cost. Here at Allgrind, we will look at all these factors when it comes to estimating and calculating a quote for polished concrete floors. The size of the space that has to be polished At this price point, you are comparing against wood flooring ($8-$10 per square foot) and a range of ceramic and quarry tiles ($10-$12 per square foot). Adding decorative sandblasting or engraving to the advanced stain application Polished Concrete Floors Cost. Professional contractors charge between $2 and $6 per square foot for a basic job with a single layer of sheen. This cost goes up to more than $15 per square foot for projects that require extensive grinding, multiple layers of stain, elaborate designs, artistic patterns or advanced coloring or stenciling 121 square feet 3 thick. 162 square feet 2 thick. If the concrete price per yard is $100, then you can divide that cost by 81, 121 and 162 to get the price per square foot: $1.23 at 4 thick. $0.82 at 3 thick. $0.62 at 2 thick. Garage and basement floors are typically 4 thick. Other interior floors are 3-4 thick, and. Luckily, you can easily polish a stone floor through a grinding and rebuffing process to create a high-glass finish. The average cost to polish a 200 sq. ft. marble stone floor costs from $600 to $1,000, with the average being $800. At the low end of the spectrum, you will pay $400 for basic polishing of 200 sq. ft
How much does concrete polished floor cost per SQ/M? Largely dependent on the size of the job and other factors the price can vary. Generally if you're expecting a full grind to stone job of distinction then look at prices from $50 to $130 per SQ/M for domestic finishes as this requires more attention to detail thus having a higher labour content Data from America shows that polished concrete accounts for almost 5% of total commercial hard surface flooring, or just over 7,4 million square meter, making it a $300 million industry. Designers and flooring contractors are increasingly familiarising themselves with polished concrete best practices, as everyone from home depot style companies. By mechanically refining the already hard concrete surface through grinding, polishing and chemical treatments, we can bring virtually any surface to a whole new level of beauty, functionality and strength. With different specified processes, a flooring solution can be tailored to fit any requirement - aesthetics, floor flatness, gloss and price
Concrete floors start to break even compared to tiles when the tiles come at a cost of R120 per square metre, says one supplier. The functional and aesthetic difference between the two types of flooring is shrinking, with concrete look and screed look tiles now common The home of polished concrete floors in New Zealand. Polished Concrete is the preferred installer for the Megafloor range of diamond polished concrete floors, we deliver award-winning floors for residential, retail and commercial clients across the countr . In order to polish your concrete floor and achieve the glossy, modern shine you have been looking for, we will use a power float
COST PER SQUARE METER STARTS FROM R450 INCLUDING VAT. WE DO NOT PROVIDE SUBFLOOR INSTALLATION SERVICES. Please note: Due to our current workload, we only provide quotations on new floors that meet the criteria of floor strength, flatness and levelness. Owners must provide certificate of concrete strength from concrete mix supplier Unlike timber hardwood floors, laminates, tiles and vinyl flooring; polished concrete is at the lower end of price per square meter and taking into consideration the ongoing costs involved in maintaining flooring options such as timber floors or tiles, polished concrete is the best value for money
The concrete you choose to work with will impact upon your price. As mentioned, spray on concrete costs $50 to $75 per square metre, plain concrete costs $60 to $85 per square metre. coloured concrete costs $100 to $150 per square metre and exposed aggregate or decorative stencilled finish costs $100 to $150 per square meter As is the case with most flooring installations, the cost of microcement will be significantly less per metre squared if the surface area of your project is larger. Therefore, customers looking to cover a small surface area can expect to pay more per metre squared. The product generally takes four days to install whether it is 100m2 or 10m2
Polished concrete will most commonly be finished to a grit level of 800, 1,500 or 3,000 depending on the level of shine required. Concrete is not considered polished before 400 grit. This is called 'honed' concrete. Polished concrete floors are best designed in early on in a project. They are most commonly 100mm thick The cost of polishing an existing concrete slab to a satin sheen is approximately $130 per square metre, according to Caroline Kouts of Urban Concrete Floors in Victoria, though this price may vary depending on the size of the area to be polished. The concrete's tonal differences, subtle cracks and aggregates take on a stone-like, natural feel Routine maintenance for polished floors consists of daily dust mopping to remove dirt and grime accumulation that can abrade the surface of polished concrete. Frequent wet mopping is also needed. Although only clean water can be used, you'll have greater success using a floor cleaner to suspend the dirt particles so they can be more easily. Concrete Slab Cost. A typical concrete slab costs $4 to $8 per square foot with most homeowners spending between $5.35 to $6.17 per square foot, or $113 to $126 per cubic yard for both materials and installation. Your final cost will depend on the slabs size, thickness, and if you any special reinforcement such as wire mesh or rebar
Benefits of polished concrete. If you want a low maintenance, stone-style appearance then polished concrete could be ideal. It can create a similar look to luxury materials such as granite and marble, while potentially saving you money on the hefty price tag. Polished concrete typically costs anything from £80 per m2 to £150 per m2 The floor must then be sealed with any of a variety of sealants, depending on your preference for either a high-gloss or matte finish. It's advisable to apply 2-3 coats of sealant. Cost . Between R300 and R600/m2, including installation; prices vary depending on the thickness of the application. It's a DIY job Having existing concrete floors polished can cost from as little as £50 per square metre but this will rise substantially if you are undertaking a new concrete flooring pour. Installing a floor heating system as part of this process would cost from approximately £100 per square metre for an electric system with accompanying insulation and a. As a rough guide, polished concrete flooring costs anywhere from $50 to $100 or more per square metre. The cost will depend on the degree of polishing required. Something that is less polished will require less rounds of grinding and thus take less time. The more polishing time that is involved, the greater the cost
The lowest price for a typical polished concrete floor is under $25 per square meter. But the ballpark figure for a Grind and Seal finish is around $50 per square meter. A Honed finish costs more which is approximately $75 per square meter. Mechanically Polished Floors are the most expensive with an average per square meter cost of about $100. Prices for polished concrete flooring vary widely and may range between less than $25/m2 and more than $100/m2, with the average pricing for ground and sealed polished concrete sitting at around $50 to $75 per square metre. For example, a 30-square-metre polished concrete floor may cost between $3,300 and $3,600 on average can crack the floor. HOW DO OUR CEMENT FLOOR PRICEWISE COMPARE WITH TILES? Tiles under R120 per square metre, tiling is cheaper. Tiles over R120 per square metre, the cost is comparable when you add the tile cost, the screed cost, the tiler cost, the grouting cost and the wastage An overview of indicative flooring costs is set out below. Carpet: $30 - $150 per square metre (Note - you may be quoted in broadloom metres, which are 3.66m x 1m) Tiles: $30 - $150 per square metre (ceramic tiles are cheapest; stone tiles are more expensive) Laminate Flooring: $20 - $100 per square metre However, as a very broad guide, you should expect a price of between £7 and £15 for per sq. metre for floor coatings for large areas and between £50 and £100 per sq. metre for high performance polyurethane flooring. This might seem expensive when compared to other options, but the durability and performance of resin flooring far exceeds.
panDOMO ® is an environmentally friendly, architectural product range of polished cement render, thin set toppings and terrazzo using the latest cement based technology.. As one of Australia's leading panDOMO ® installers, Honestone offers these products - panDOMO ® Floor, Wall and Terrazzo Micro, panDOMO ® Floor Plus, Loft, Terrazzo Basic and Terrazzo Plus . That would give you a realistic price for smaller projects. Other Considerations. Flowing screed, often referred to as self-levelling screed is much quicker to lay and a good team can put down up to 300 square metres per day Vinyl & Engineered Timber Price Ranges: Clark says these two products are similarly priced, with both products costing between $60 - 75 per square metre and $50 - $65 per square metre for installation. Vinyl/engineered timber costs. Product: $60 - $75+ per m2. Installation: $50 - $65+ per m2. Solid Timber Floors
Ground floor slab concrete. 5.5m3 R8000. 11m3 R16000. 22m3 R32000. To avoid manual pumping, you can hire a pump which costs an extra R5000. Labour costs are excluded and are worked out per quote with your contractor. The above prices are a general estimate. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org for an accurate discounted quote The square metre cost of building industrial properties rose from ₱6,530 per m2 in 2018 to ₱7,084 per m2 in 2019, which is a percentage increase of 8.5%. Institutional buildings, which happen to be most expensive property to build, had their building rate increasing from ₱13,970 in 2018 to ₱16,211 per m2 in 2019 As the area size increases the price per metre becomes less, owing to the economies of scale. 2 - Floor Preparation. Before any resin system is applied the floor area will need to be prepared. Even a new concrete floor, or screed will still need some preparation Terrazzo Floors Cost. Installing terrazzo floors can total between $5,000 and $18,000, or an average of $7,000 for a 200-square-foot surface. Total project costs depend on several factors, including: Typical floors range from $25 to $90 per square foot, though using pre-made tiles can keep the price on the lower end
. Fitting the disc takes under a minute with a simple locking cup mechanism with single bolt. Ideal for preparing small floor areas with a work rate up to 40m2 per hour. The 250mm model comes into its own as an edger No idea how much concrete you need for a project? Use our handy Concrete Calculator to determine what your requirements are before getting in touch today! Service you can trust, quality you can build on! Call us in Cork City on 021 4310 559. Keohane Citymix, Tramore Road, Cork City Opening Hours: Mon-Sat: 8am to 6pm Find Us When it comes to labour, the price will depend on the experience of the tiler, the size of the company and your location, with prices in London tending to be higher. Ultimately, rates per square metre can vary between £20 and £40 per square metre. However, tilers can also charge by the day rate if they'll be there for more than six hours or. The classic style of a traditional timber floor makes hardwood strip flooring virtually fashion-proof. A polished timber floor will look as stylish in 20 years' time as it does today. Boral 19mm tongue and groove solid strip flooring is precision milled, providing a wear layer that can be refinished many times over providing a lifetime of.
Welcome to Midland Polished Concrete. The UK's Leading Polished Concrete Floor Specialists. Click Here. Request a Free Quotation. For our Domestic - Commercial Polished Concrete services. Click Here. Discover how we create our beautiful Polished Concrete Floors. See our professional, experienced team in action At Sydney Floor Polishing, we have over 20 years experience in flooring and we specialise in concrete polishing. Regardless of the age or position of the surface, our team at Sydney Floor Polishing have the expertise to assess the area and offer the best solutions for bringing out optimal beauty in all stone and concrete surfaces Tassie Oak On Sale. October special: from $93 per squre meters fully installed. YES, $93 per sqm! Price includes tongue and groove timber, all supplies, sanding & polishing (3 coats natual gloss finish, polyurethane), exlcuding removing carpet and sub-floor preparation (normally at minimal cost), Melbourne metropolitian areas only Epoxy floor coating costs anywhere from $3 to $12 per square metre and then there are installation and labour costs on top of that. Contact our friendly team at Allgrind today and speak to our experts. Let us give you a quote for the area you want the coating installed
Epoxy Concrete Sealer - Material Prices $20.00 - $21.00 $22.00 - $24.00 $25.00 - $30.00: Epoxy Concrete Sealer - Installation Cost $35.00 - $40.00 $45.00 - $50.00 $50.00 - $60.00: Epoxy Concrete Sealer - Total $55.00 - $61.00 $67.00 - $74.00 $75.00 - $90.00: Epoxy Concrete Sealer - Total Average Cost per square foo We have combined experience of more than 20 years with thousands of meters of concrete/cement floors installed using the best materials and design inputs available to us. Read More Browse Project Galler Browse a range of kitchen & home furniture. Free UK delivery on eligible orders Typically, the cost of polished concrete effect flooring will be around £60-£200 per sq/metre. However, as with any kind of design process, the bigger the area to be fitted, the lower the cost per sq/metre. A large proportion of the cost is fixed, which is why the cost per sq/metre is greater for smaller surface areas A HTC SUPERFLOOR™ is a very cost-effective solution - for the short term, long term and everything in between. The cost per square meter is surprisingly low, since the concrete is usually already in place. But HTC Superfloor™ is also a smart alternative for new construction since grinding can begin just 5-7 days after casting
Product only Extras; Just flooring: Extras: All of our hard floors are priced per square metre. The product-only price includes just the flooring. In addition to the product, we offer services such as installation (including moving furniture, removing and disposing of old flooring and borders and trims), as well as stair accessories What does a seamless floor cost per m²? The price of a seamless floor differs for each room and company. SENSO only develops the highest-quality floors. There are companies that go for lower quality and offer cheap seamless floors with short lifespans. A SENSO seamless floor, however, is something you will enjoy for years. Without a moment of.
Polishing floor with diamond powder: $2.10 per square foot, including floor wash to prep grout line, application of powder solution, polishing, and cleaning up and sealing. Grinding off top layer of natural stone to refinish it (also called diamond cutting or honing): $4-$6 per square foot Prices range from around $8.00 per square foot for fairly basic concrete-based tiles to over $30.00 per square foot for tiles with metal or ornamental inlays. Terrazzo Flooring Installation Cost Labor is the other half of the price, and where things can get expensive
The perfect base for most types of flooring is concrete. Polished concrete . For £40-£45 a square metre it can be made to shine. Contech UK 01732 838352 . Resin Re: concrete floor prices. If you have a good well compacted base I don't know if I'd bother with steel unless it has really heavy use, definitely min 6 depth. We have just done a shed floor with pan mixer and I reckon it cost about £100/m3 with a roller screen finish. Setup was simple with 3x2 timbers screed set to depth using a dry concrete.
Construction Materials Prices In Kenya - Site Preparation Excavation and Filling (Materials and Labour Rates) The Excavation Process. Site Clearance: Shs 55 per Square Metre in the Western region, Shs 70 per Square Metre in the Nairobi region, and Shs 70 per Square Metre in the Coastal Region. 150mm Deep Excavation: Shs 70 per Square Metre in the Western region, Shs 90 per Square Metre in. The running price per square meter in the U.K. today is from £550 to £1,500 per square meter, averaging in the vicinity of £775 per square meter. Getting a rough or gross estimate is easy. This is a closely guarded secret of building contractors. If your liveable floor area is about 100 square meters, multiply that by £775 and you get a.
Q: What is the estimated cost per square yard of sandblashng a continuous exterior concrete wall when the total area is about 5,000 square yards? A: The estimated ranges of costs per square yard for sandblasting are: Brush blast (1/32 inch deep) $1.35-$2.70. Light blast (1/16 inch deep) $2.25-$4.50. Medium blast (1/4 inch deep) $4.50-$7.2 topfloor hollow-core concrete floor panels have been an important contributor to the growth of the building and construction industry in the western cape since 1997 That role has been strengthened through the acquisition of Topfloor by the Echo Group, South Africa's largest and longest-established prestressed and precast floor manufacturer
The concrete slab price varies greatly too, with slab prices of 150 per square metres not being the true price as you need to also check the fine print. If it is a DIY concrete slab, most of the cost will be hiring an excavator to prepare the site and form building M52 M60 Wallcovering, Painting, Emulsion, Gloss, Varnish, Eggshell, Application Supply and Apply Rates Costs per m2, cost per m square: Get a quoted rate from a contractor listed on Painters@tradelocator.co.uk products and services to buy - press me for up to date prices buy our Live-up-date service. where over 18,000 unit rates are up dated dail I guess that once we have our floor design finished, we should get prices on all options then think about it a bit more. I did some rough estimates and found that it would cost around 17k to do a home of the size i want, and thats based on a $100 per square meter price, wheather thats polished or epoxy Prices for the kitchen start from about €35,000. Prices at Ashbourne-based Concrete Design Studios start from €600 per linear metre and you can see their work in Rockets, on the seafront in.
Our price guide for wood floor sanding, polishing, repairs and installation of wood floors and carpet tiles. We pride ourselves on offering the best quality with the lowest possible prices. Please note that prices vary depending on several factors including the type of sanding required, the type of coating, and the condition of the floors Concrete, known in Rome by its Latin name concretus, has become synonymous throughout history with strength and durability. Plastige Super polished floor• is the revolutionary flooring concept that uses a technique that makes concrete more than just strong and hard-wearing. The technique is as simple as it is ingenious Commercial Polished Concrete flooring is the perfect all rounder for smaller, medium and larger floors. Performs exceptionally well in heavy floor traffic environments due to treatments that permanently harden the concrete. As a result, adds years of wear life to older floors without having to worry about floor coatings failing Epoxy Garage Floor Cost. An epoxy based concrete coating for a 2-car garage floor will cost between $1,320 and $3,080 with most homeowners spending about $1,711 when professionally applied. The price to coat an existing concrete floor is ranges from $3 to $7 per square foot including labor and materials. Cost depends on how many layers you wish to add, the type of epoxy you choose, and how. The strength of concrete and the natural beauty of Australian stone come together in boralstone® , Boral's exciting new range of polished concrete products. boralstone® is compatible with a variety of concrete polishing systems for both internal and external applications. boralstone® provides a wide range of colours and locally quarried aggregate combinations
The CCC Polished Concrete team includes some of the most experienced and passionate floor grinding and polishing specialists in Melbourne. We polish new or existing concrete floors using state of the art equipment and our team of concrete polishing professionals have collectively polished thousands of floors for both residential and commercial. The floor is sealed once the screed has dried to allow ease of cleaning. Decorstone offers: Designer flooring and wall coating creating a flow from room to room. A broad range of modern colours including Antique White, Cuttlefish, Whale Grey & Charcoal. The ability to blend colours to create almost any look you desire Polished concrete floors are a common sight in many commercial residential homes. They are most commonly seen in: Concrete Resurfacing Systems have been providing polished concrete finishes for over 15 years with unsurpassed quality. We have build our reputation on quality service and finishes with no compromise Decorative Concrete Floor Coatings can be applied in a wide variety of finishes and colours, therefore offering endless design opportunities. Concrete Surface Restoration involves re-coating new or old concrete with a polymer modified cement material. The concrete can be coloured, or acid stained and sealed. A finish that combines the beauty of. PLEASE ASK OUR STAFF. Steps: Installation, Sanding and Coating is approx. $320 per Step (based on a 1 metre wide step) Unless otherwise stated T&G Flooring is Graded 85% Select /15% Standard. Normally allow an extra 7% for wastage. Allow $10/m² for an epoxy seal moisture barrier
Acrylic benchtops are generally the most expensive option but the cost is far outweighed by the durability and ease of maintenance. All below costs are in Australian dollars. Low - Laminate - $150 - $350 per square meter. Low - Bamboo - $300 - $400 per square meter. Low - Timber - $500 - $1500 per square meter The cost of concrete grinding in Sydney depends upon various factors such as the size of your concrete, the condition of the floor, the access and the sealing used on the concrete, polishing and much more. It will usually cost you around $60-$120 per square meter to get the concrete ground by some of the experts in this field. However, price does vary depending on the finish you are after eg Tilestrip are experts in the removal of flooring, concrete grinding and polished concrete. Fast, efficient and competitively priced, we offer a personalised and professional service to all our clients (commercial, industrial and residential) with their building & renovation projects in Perth. Our team has over 20 years' experience and is. The best you can do before detailed house plans are drawn up is increase the per-square-metre rates used by the calculator. The calculator has an option called 'Quality of finish' which allows you to select 'basic', 'standard' or 'luxury'. Selecting standard increases the per-square-metre rate by $300. Selection 'luxury' increases the rate by.
Polished concrete is a multi-step process where a concrete floor is mechanically ground, honed and polished with bonded abrasives in order to cut a concrete floor's surface. It is then refined with each cut in order to achieve a specified level of appearance. This process also includes the use of a penetrant chemical known as a hardener.The concrete densifier/hardener penetrates into the. Cost. Installation of ceramic tile costs between $11 and $22 per square foot, according to the website Concrete Network. Natural stone tiles cost between $20 and $50 per square foot. Staining an. High-range tiles: High range tiles will likely always need waterproofing, and can cost anything from $80 per square metre up to in excess of $200 per square metre. Add to this the cost of a high-range tiler at $120 per square metre and you're looking at anything in excess of $320 per square metre. Tiling costs. $80 - $320+ per m2. Carpe If your hallway has an average size of 5m 2, the vinyl flooring will cost between £130 and £180. For a bedroom with an average size of 13.65m 2, the materials will cost between £340 and £480. In a living room of average size 20.35m 2, the vinyl flooring will cost between £510 and £710. Get Free Quotes →
Industrial / Commercial Type Epoxy Flooring - Jotun Paints. 25m2 Industrial / Commercial type Epoxy = from 1600 ($64+/m2) 50m2 Industrial / Commercial type Epoxy = from 1900 ($38/m2) 100m2 Industrial / Commercial type Epoxy = from 3400 ($32/m2) Prices can vary significantly from job to job depending on SIZE, CONDITION OF THE CONCRETE, TYPE OF. Costs for concrete. Concrete benchtops range in price from $3,800-$19,000 depending on size, finish and aggregates used. and is at the higher end of the price bracket from $760 per metre square. Graphic class counter tops range in price from around $760-$1,400 per square metre, depending on image, texture and finish Since 1998, we have been helping our clients achieve the perfect polished concrete floors for their spaces, for settings ranging from residential to commercial to industrial. Our concrete polishing services are unrivalled in quality, and we have earned our reputation as one of the most reliable polished concrete companies in Melbourne. READ MORE Polished concrete floors. The cost of polished concrete in Australia, price per square metre, and the possibility of polishing the existing concrete. Published 26 April 2021. Categorized as Concreting. Types of Concrete [18 Forms] Concrete types Prices. To sum up, the cost of paving a patio varies from 45 euros to 180 euros per square meter. As you can see from our price catalog, the material of your choice is the most significant factor determining the cost. A holistic solution for your garden includes fencing, cladding, artificial grass, and roll-on turf
Engineered wood flooring, which has a layered structure for stability and strength, might start from around $2.50 per square foot (£25 per square meter) with prices going up to around $16 per. 400*400 CERAMIC FLOOR AND WALL TILES. USD 6.25. per sq metre. harare cbd. 40*40 now @$6,25 per square meter including free installation. PTS. « Previous Next » An example of a diamond grind for a shop floor including the Oil Remediation system, a heavy duty sealer, 3000 sq. feet, pricing would be approximately $0.87 per square foot or $0.52 per square foot for 5000 square feet. What Can The Lavina Machine Do? The Lavina Grinding package is also an excellent polishing system One is located in Shanghai about 450,000 square meters, and the other is in Qidong city, about 600,000 square meters. It takes about one-hour driving from Shanghai to Qidong city. Up to now, we have sales and service offices, and distributors in over 20 countries, more and more effective service will be supplied to local customers The price to repair expansion joints and control joints greatly depends on how bad the damage is. Preventative joint filling can cost between $1.50 and $3 per lineal foot, but once expansion joint repair or control joint repair is required, the costs can vary from $15 - $100 per lineal foot of joints. Titus Restoration has decades of. Laminate flooring is a layered floor built around a watertight, glued High Density Fibre (HDF) board. All our laminate floors consist of four different layers: A transparent, wear-resistant overlay providing protection against stains, impact, scratches, burns and household chemicals